Ninh Thuan is a South Central Coast Region province of Vietnam. Ninh Thuan is not only famous for beautiful beaches and bays, picturesque mountainous landscapes and immense grape fields, but also well-known for the very special Champa cultures, architectures and festivals.
Apart from Kinh people, a significant part of Ninh Thuan’s population is the Cham. In fact, the province has the most numbers of Cham people living in. Therefore, it is an incredible “kingdom” of Champa culture, with ancient Champa architectures, highlighted by three amazing towers including Hoa Lai, Po Klong Garai and Po Rome.
Po Klong Garai is a name of the most beautiful and imposing existed architecture in Champa Kingdom. It was located in Panduranga Capital in Anchient Champa Kingdom, which is Phan Rang City today. This cluster of tower was built in the end of XIII century, situated on Dinh Trau Hill, 9km on the northwest of city center.
The towers covered with red bricks are almost intact. You will be surprise by its unique attraction and architecture style of these towers. Sophisticating sculptures and wonderful patterns on the walls, doors, roofs or arches can make us deeply admire super skillful hands and talented heads of ancient Cham people. Moreover, the whole architecture still remains unbroken despite the ruin of time and the harsh of weather, making us more respectful to the techniques they used.
To understand more about Champa Architecture and culture, you should come to visit Hoa Lai Tower and Po Rome Tower in Ninh Thuan.
Champa traditional craft village
Another great achievement of Champa Era is making pottery. Bau Truc Pottery Village is one of them. Located in Phuoc Dan Town, Ninh Phuoc Province, it is one of the oldest pottery villages in Southeast Asia. Visiting to the village, you can see thousands pottery products such as bowls, plates, vases, pot, etc with stunning unique shapes and excellent designs. Especially, all of the products are made by women in the village and they don’t use any tools or equipments. Every procedure is made by their skillful hands.
You can witness by your eyes all processes and procedures that Champa women make pottery. And you will understand how created they are and the way they put all their soul and their heart into their art work.
Besides Bau Truc Pottery Village, you also should visit Chuong Mi Brocade Weaving Village.
Intangible cultural values are an important and diverse feature of Champa culture. There are more than 100 festivals of the Cham per year. Among them, Kate Festival in 7th month in Cham calendar is the biggest and most highlighting one. The festival is held every year to pays homage and sends thanks to deities and local gods for their blessings, such as favorable weather, bumper crops and social harmony.
Coming to Kate Festival, you will have chance to see beautiful folkdance, music and traditional instruments of the Cham. You can also discover the unique spiritual life and special customs of Champa people.
Besides, there are plenty of interesting festivals that wait for you to explore such as Plao Sah Festival, Chanbun Festival, Lamuwan Festival,…
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